Fit children grow into fit adults. The good health of children depends upon good nutrition and that should start right from an early age. They have special nutritional needs to ensure a normal growth and development. A balanced, tasty, appealing and a varied diet will provide a good foundation of all the nutrients, which are essential to keep your children healthy. I am presenting this article from Tarladalal website.
The special nutritional needs of children.
Cereals(wheat, rice), Pulses (chana, rajmah, soyabean), milk, nuts, fats and oil.
|Overall growth and development.
||Pulse, milk and milk products (paneer, curds, cheese), nuts.
||Tissue building and skeletal muscle development.
||Cereals, pulses, fruits, sugar and jaggery.
||Growth and development.
||Oil, ghee, vanaspati, butter and margarine.
||A concentrated source of energy for overall growth and development, also a carrier of fat soluble vitamins like A, D, E & K.
||Raw fruits (apples, oranges), vegetables, cereals, legumes and nuts.
||Gives a satiety value and helps to reduce constipation.
||Dark green leafy vegetables (spinach, fenugreek), yellow orange fruits and vegetables (papaya, mango, and carrots) egg and milk.
||Clear vision, good immunity and prevents night blindness.
||Milk and eggs
||For availability of calcium in our body. Thus for healthy teeth and bones.
||Vegetable oils,egg and margarine.
||As an antioxidant and for proper blood cells functioning.
||Dark green leafy vegetables and fruits.
||Normal blood clothing.
||Citrus fruits (lemon orange, sweet lime, amla), coriander leaves and capsicum.
||Healthy skin, bones, gums and teeth.
||Breads, cereals, legumes, leafy vegetables, nuts
||Aids in transmission of nerve impulses and reaction providing energy
||Milk, breads, cereals, green leafy vegetable
||Promotes healthy skin, nerves & eyes; aids in release of energy
||Whole grain cereals, bananas, vegetable
||Maintains nervous tissues, regenerates red blood cells
|VIT. B 12
||Required for proper functioning of all cells
||Grains, breads, nuts, vegetables
||Helps convert food into energy
||Spinach, broccoli, beet, beans, peas, corn, bananas, oranges dried beans and nuts (almonds, cashews, walnuts), peanuts.
||Prevents blood disorders; helps body use proteins
||Milk, cheese, green vegetables, yoghurt and paneer.
||Formation of bones & teeth, blood clotting, heart function
||Vegetable oils, whole-grain cereals & breads
||Involved in glucose and energy metabolism
||Nuts, whole grains
||Helps produce haemoglobin
||Iodized salt, milk
||Proper working of thyroid gland
||Leafy green vegetables, dried beans, jaggery, lentils, dried fruits, dates, raisins, nuts
||Essential component of haemoglobin, deficiency causes anaemia
||Milk, cheese, vegetables, whole grain cereals
||Activates energy supplying enzymes
||Milk, cheese, grains, nuts, legumes
||Formation of bones& teeth, regulates many body functions
||Oranges, milk, fruits, vegetable
||Balances water levels in cells
||Table salt, most foods, processed foods
||Regulates fluids in body, thus influences blood pressure; essential to nerve function and energy production. Most diets have an excess of sodium that may lead to high blood pressure
||Promotes growth of tissues, prevents anemia